by Egon von Greyerz

Totally irresponsible policies by Governments and Central Banks have created the most dangerous situation that the world has ever experienced. Risk doesn’t arise quickly as the result of a single action or event. No, risk of the magnitude that the world is experiencing today is the result of many years or decades of economic mismanagement.

Cycles are normal in nature and in the world economy. And cycles that are the result of the laws of nature normally play out in an orderly fashion without extreme tops or bottoms. Just take the seasons, they go from summer to autumn, winter and spring with soft transitions that seldom involve drama or catastrophe. Economic cycles would be the same if they were allowed to happen naturally without the interference of governments. But power corrupts and throughout history leaders have always hung on to power by interfering with the normal business cycle. This involves anything from reducing the precious metals content of money from 100% to nothing, printing money, leveraging credit, manipulating interest rates, taking total taxes to 50%+ today from nothing 100 years ago, etc, etc.

Governments doing god’s work

Governments will always fail when they believe that they are gods. But not only governments believe they perform godly tasks but also hubristic investment bankers like the ex-CEO of Goldman Sachs who proclaimed that the bank was doing God’s work. It must be remembered that Goldman, like most other banks, would have gone under if they and JP Morgan hadn’t instructed the Fed to save them by printing and guaranteeing $25 trillion in 2008. Or maybe that was God’s hand too?

We now have unmanageable risks at many levels – politically, geopolitically, economically and financially.

This is a RISK ON situation that is extremely dangerous and will have very grave consequences. There is one very small but important silver lining which I will return to later.

1. RISK ON – US Political Situation and War

When there are numerable risks that can all cause the collapse of the world economy, they all have equal relevance. However, the political situation in the USA is very dangerous for the world. This the biggest economy in the world, albeit bankrupt with debt growing exponentially and real deficits every year since 1960. Before the dollar has collapsed, the US will still be seen as a powerful nation although a massive economic decline will soon weaken the dollar and the country, burdened by debt at all levels, government, state, and private.

What makes the US particularly dangerous today is that the President is a lame duck. Both political parties are working against him and are trying every trick in the book to get him impeached. The Elite or powers that be are obviously also doing what they can to outmanoeuvre Trump and make him ineffective. But Trump is a fighter and will not give up easily. As he is virtually paralysed when it comes to any political or economic decision, what remains is military actions or war. As commander in chief, he has the ultimate say in pressing the nuclear button. He, like most of us, understands the catastrophic consequences of nuclear war. And we are not talking about just the US and North Korea. We would see China, Russia and many other countries involved. Wars are often started by an impulsive and power-hungry leader, which we certainly have in Kim and Trump.

Real power in the US comes from major sectors such as defence, energy, big pharma and investment banks. Their “contributions” to virtually all politicians is where the real power lies. When a leader is under major political pressure on the home front, starting a war quickly diverts the attention from domestic problems. And Trump would of course get total support from the military since their whole raison d’étre is war.

For Trump, a war would mean that he takes total control and all domestic squabbling is forgotten. He would be the king war maker and the “saviour” of the US.

Except for all the extreme consequences of a nuclear war, there will of course be serious economic implications such as stock and bond market collapses, dollar fall etc. There would also be massive money printing.

Hopefully it won’t come to this and Kim and Trump will realise the global catastrophe nuclear war would involve. But the risk is extremely high.

2. RISK ON – Global Stock Markets

Stock markets worldwide are all in bubble territory. With volatility at historical lows and valuation at historical highs, stock market investors are displaying a total disregard for risk and reason. No trees grow to heaven even if it looks like it right now. Yes, bubbles can grow even bigger like the Nasdaq in 1998-2000. But investors should not worry about missing the last few points on the way up when the subsequent fall is 80% as happened to the Nasdaq 2000-2.

Virtually every stock market around the world is vulnerable. Below are monthly charts of the Nasdaq, TSX – Canada Nifty- India and Dax- Germany. All are showing a similar picture. They are severely overextended and have made new highs with bearish divergence. This means that the new highs are not confirmed by momentum indicators which are showing weakness. Other technical indicators are confirming that we are seeing long term tops in all stock markets and that the next major move will be a vicious and sustained fall. Thus, stocks are very high risk today medium to long term.





3. RISK ON – US Dollar, Currencies

With the coming economic collapse, all currencies will decline to zero due to unlimited money printing. The US dollar is substantially overvalued and has been falling against all currencies since December 2016. The graph below shows the dollar index which is down 10% since December last year. The initial target is the 2007 low of 70 which is a 25% fall from here. Eventually the dollar will fall a lot further. But so will of course all currencies which so far have fallen 97-99% in the last 100 years. The final fall of 1-3% from here is likely to take place in the next five years. This will happen as a result of unlimited money printing, undertaken by central banks in a final attempt to save the financial system. This is sadly very likely to fail.


4. RISK ON – Debt

Global debt is growing exponentially. Since 1971 debt has exploded in most countries. As the graph shows, in Japan for example total debt has gone from 320% of GDP in 1979 to almost 600% today. And in the US, debt to GDP has gone from 160% to almost 400% in the same period.


Growing debt substantially faster than GDP over a sustained period means that the growth can only be “bought” with printed or borrowed money. Thus, the growth is not real but is achieved by artificial means. There is no difference between that method or an individual or company borrowing to survive. Eventually it leads to bankruptcy and this is where the world including the US is heading in coming years.

The US position is particularly bad. Since lifting the gold backing of the dollar in 1971, US debt has gone up 39x from $1.7 trillion to $67T. How can the Keynesians believe that this is prosperity and wealth? Debt is slavery and misery which soon will lead to immense suffering in the US and the rest of the world. And this only because governments have interfered in the natural economic cycles and bought votes at a cost which will be devastating for the world.


Rates at historical lows and bottoming as expected with the 35-year cycle in 2015-16 are now likely to go to highs similar at least to the levels in the late 1970s which is 15%+. The consequences of rates at that level will have a dramatic effect on record global debt financing as well as the $1.5 quadrillion derivatives. The vicious cycle of money printing, more debt and hyperinflation is next. Eventually that can only lead to a total failure of the system.


35-year interest cycle has bottomed


5. RISK OFF – Gold

Ray Dalio (Founder of the very successful hedge fund Bridgewater) just published an article on LinkedIn in which he states that the historically low volatility we are currently seeing in global markets is soon going to turn to much higher volatility. He also stated: “so if you don’t have 5-10% of your assets in gold as a hedge, we’d suggest that you relook at this. Don’t let traditional biases, rather than an excellent analysis, stand in the way of you doing this.”

5-10% in gold is of course substantially lower than we would recommend as we believe that 25% is a minimum. But if big investors and institutions put 5-10% of their assets into physical gold, the gold price will go up exponentially from here. Currently less than 0.5% of world financial assets are in physical gold and even if that went to 1.5% only, price would go up 5-10x at least. There is no stock of physical gold available and all current production is absorbed by China, India, Russia and a few other major buyers. From a production point of view, we have reached peak gold and mine production is expected to decline from 3,000 tonnes a year to 2,000 tonnes in the next ten years. The only way that new buyers will get their gold is by paying much higher prices thereby releasing gold held by reluctant sellers and gold currently in jewellery.

Gold is only as low as $1,295 per ounce due to manipulation in the paper market. This is likely to fail as demand increases and holders of paper gold ask for delivery. That is when gold will jump $100s or more in a very short period. What we have seen in cryptocurrencies in rapid price rises will also happen with the gold price. The big difference is that the higher gold price will be sustained whilst once the cryptocurrencies peak, that bubble will burst. You cannot compare gold which has been money for 5,000 years and which has an intrinsic value with an electronic entry on a computer which has been created out of thin air.

In the next 5-10 years, all bubble assets such as stocks, bonds and property will decline 75-95% in real terms which means versus gold. This is a totally natural finish to what Neil Howe, (co-author of “The Fourth Turning”) calls the fourth turning which is the final phase of the 80-year cycle. He states:

“The fourth turning is the final season of history, if you will, the final generation. And that is the period of crisis. That is the period when we tear down institutions that we’ve built, everything that’s dysfunctional. And we sort of rebuild things from scratch again. And it usually follows a period where—it’s bound up in a period where there’s complete disgust, complete distrust with what we have.”
“The risk of catastrophe will be very high. The nation could erupt into insurrection or civil violence, crack up geographically, or succumb to authoritarian rule. If there is a war, it is likely to be one of maximum risk and effort – in other words, a total war. Every Fourth Turning has registered an upward ratchet in the technology of destruction, and in mankind’s willingness to use it.”

According to Howe, the final 20-year phase, which is the Fourth Turning, started in 2008 and therefore has another circa 10 years to go. My views and Howe’s are very similar in many aspects and if we are anywhere near correct in our predictions, the coming years could be the most difficult in the history of mankind. It is obviously impossible to totally prepare for this, but the ones who prepare and plan in all aspects of their lives will more likely cope better than the ones who don’t. Remember that when we buy fire insurance, it is not because we expect our house to burn down but if it does, the insurance becomes critical.

Egon von Greyerz
Founder and Managing Partner
Matterhorn Asset Management AG

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